This year marks the 80th anniversary of the legal establishment of the 40-hour workweek under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the game-changing New Deal legislation signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1938. Led by members of the United Auto Workers union, the rationale of the “campaign for 40” was a five workday week, based on the 19th-century post-industrial revolution standard of eight hours for work, eight hours for sleep, and eight hours for leisure. But while this ideal has now long been enshrined into labor law, for many American workers, reality isn’t living up to the promise.

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